According with DANE´s comparative research for 2008
The National Administrative Department of Statistics of Colombia, DANE (its Spanish acronym), published a comparative study about the standard of living of Colombians. The study analyzes the conditions of living of poor and not poor families in Colombia in what it has to see with housing, public services and members of the family such education, health, care for children, work force, expenses and incomes.
The typical Colombian families for 2008 were made by an average of 3.7 persons, while in 2003 it was 3.9 persons per family. Electricity registered an increase to 89.4 percent of the national population.
Other important data according to the research of DANE:
Natural gas national coverage was of 47.4 percent in comparison with the 35.3 percent of 2003.
Drinking water in 2008 was of 86.7 percent.
Sewer coverage was of 73.9 percent in the Colombian homes.
The increase in technologies like the hand phone has caused a reduction in the fix phone service in many Colombian families. In 2003 a number of 54.7 percent of families had a fix phone, while in 2008 it was 44.3 percent. As a consequence, 83.8 percent of families reported that at least a member had a hand phone in 2008 (it was only 17.7 percent in 2003).
In health, the 86 percent of Colombians reported to be inside the General System of Social Security in Health.
Illiteracy in persons older than 15 years old had a reduction in 2008. In 2003 it was 7.7 percent of illiterate Colombians older than 15. In 2008 it was 6.9 percent.
Colombians between 12 and 15 years old attended school in 2008 in a 90.6 percent, that was 86.4 percent in 2003.
The 44.9 percent of the Colombian families live in an own property.
29.8 percent of the Colombian families are leaded by the mother, an increase in relation with the 28.6 percent in 2003.
As the possession of goods and services are also indicatives of better standards of living. DANE produced also the following results:
a) Subscription to television grew 12,8 points, from 35.5 percent in 2003
to 48.3 percent in 2008.
b) DVD in 2003 was just 2.2% of the families. It was 47.1% in 2008.
c) Washing machine became 40,1% in 2008.
d) Computer at the homes was 11.2% in 2003 and became 22.8% in 2008.
Internet registered also a national rise in usage in Colombia. The regions with more Internet coverage were in 2008:
- Bogotá came from 14% of the service in the houses in 2003 to 27.8% at the end of 2008.
- Antioquia registered a number of 15.5 percent.
- Valle del Cauca was 14.5 percent.
According to the report, Colombian families are more optimistic about their standard of life. They said to the researchers that the conditions have improved in the last years
Only a 15.9 percent of the families said that the living conditions worsened during the last years.
Although the concept of poverty can have many dimensions and opinions, 48.3 percent of the families said that they considered themselves as poor.
Press Release of DANE, Bogotá, 03.18.2009. Link: http://www.dane.gov.co/files/comunicados/cp_calidadvida_0309.pdf