A new Constitution for Bolivia, the main horse of battle of president Evo Morales, was supported by the 59.1 percent of the voters. However, the results showed also the big division in the South American country. The situation would conduct to an agreement among the two parts in order to approve the new Constitution.
The states of La Paz, Cochabamba, Potoís and Ororuro were the main source of voters in favor of the new Constitution, while Santa Cruz, Tarija, Beni and Pando voted against the proposal.
Authorities from the states that voted as “No” asked the president for a national agreement, while an optimistic Morales announced that a colonialism, neoliberalism and latifundia were over in the history of Bolivia.
In the referendum there was also a clause that limited the private ownership of land to maximum 5 thousand hectares. The proposal got 78.1 percent of votes, while the limit of ten hectares got only 21.9 percent.
The proposal to change the Constitution in one of the poorest countries of the Americas, was called “Policy of State” (Política de Estado) and was approved for almost the 60 percent of the voters.
The governors of the four states that opposed the change of the Constitution – Santa Cruz, Tarija, Beni and Pando -, asked the president the make a new social pact to guarantee the participation of all the sectors in the construction of a new constitutional system.
The new Constitution will come into force once the Electoral National Court publishes the final results in less then ten days. However, the results so far show the preference for the approval to the new Constitution and the negative results with less than 50 percent for the four states of Santa Cruz, Beni, Tarija and Pando, seem as the real opponents of the government of Evo Morales.
The president of indigenous origin has 56 percent of popularity, according to Consulta Mitofsky of Mexico during 2008 been the 7th most popular president of the Western Hemisphere, although a strong opposition to his socialist reforms by the four states that are called together the Crescents region.
According to Iván Mendieta, a Bolivian political analyst, the results show a strong polarization in Bolivia that could be dangerous, according to laprensa.com.bo.
The opponents expressed that the new Constitution should respect the autonomous statute of Crescents and for this reason the president should call on a national pact in order to create the unity, a social pact and a pacific living.