Preventing Genocide: A Blueprint for U.S. Policymakers

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Madeleine Albright before STS 88.jpg
Former Secretary of State Madeleine Albright, “The world agrees that genocide is unacceptable and yet genocide and mass killings continue.” Photo Wikimedia Commons.

Former Secretary of State Madeleine Albright, former Secretary of Defense William Cohen and other leading figures call on new administration and Congress to make preventing genocide and mass atrocities a national priority.Washington, DC – The Genocide Prevention Task Force today released its final report on the eve of the 60th anniversary of the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide.  The report makes the case for why genocide and mass atrocities threaten core American values and national interests, and how the U.S. government can prevent these crimes in the future.

Jointly convened by the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, The American Academy of Diplomacy, and the United States Institute of Peace, the Task Force began its work last November with the goal of
generating concrete recommendations to enhance the U.S. government’s capacity to recognize and respond to emerging threats of genocide and mass atrocities.

The world agrees that genocide is unacceptable and yet genocide and mass killings continue,” said Madeleine K. Albright, former Secretary of State and Co-Chair of the Genocide Prevention Task Force. We believe that preventing genocide is possible, and that striving to do so is imperative both for our national interests and our leadership position in the world.

This report provides a blueprint that can enable the United States to
take preventive action, along with international partners, to
forestall the specter of future cases of genocide and mass
atrocities
,” said William S. Cohen, former Secretary of Defense and Co-Chair of the Genocide Prevention Task Force. There is a choice for U.S. policymakers between doing nothing and large-scale
military intervention.  We hope this report will help us utilize those
options.

Other Members of the Genocide Prevention Task Force include:  John Danforth, Thomas Daschle, Stuart Eizenstat, Michael Gerson, Dan Glickman, Jack Kemp, Gabrielle Kirk McDonald, Thomas R. Pickering, Vin Weber, Anthony Zinni, and Julia Taft who passed away earlier this year.

The report, which is entitled “Preventing Genocide: A Blueprint for U.S. Policymakers“, asserts that genocide is preventable, and that making progress toward doing so begins with leadership and political will.

The report provides 34 recommendations, starting with the need for high-level attention, standing institutional mechanisms, and strong international partnerships to respond to potential genocidal situations when they arise; it lays out a comprehensive approach, recommending improved early warning mechanisms, early action to prevent crises, timely diplomatic responses to emerging crises, greater preparedness to employ military options, and action to strengthen global norms and
institutions.

We are keenly aware that the incoming president’s agenda will be
massive and daunting from day one
,” Secretaries Albright and Cohen
noted.  “But preventing genocide and mass atrocities is not an
idealistic add-on to our core foreign policy agenda.  It is a moral
and strategic imperative
.”

The Task Force calls for the development of a new government-wide
policy on genocide prevention, which would include the following
specific actions designed to better equip the U.S. government to
prevent genocide and mass atrocities:

– Having the president himself demonstrate that preventing genocide is a national priority, for example by an early executive order, and
continuing public statements on genocide prevention.

– Creating an interagency Atrocities Prevention Committee at the National Security Council to analyze threats of genocide and mass atrocities and consider appropriate preventive action.

– Making warning of genocide or mass atrocities an “automatic trigger”
of policy review.

– Developing military guidance on genocide prevention and response and incorporating it into doctrine and training.

– Preparing interagency genocide prevention and response plans for
high-risk situations.

– Investing $250 million in new funds for crisis prevention and
response, with a portion of this available for urgent activities to
prevent or halt emerging genocidal crises.

– Launching a major diplomatic initiative to create an international
network for information-sharing and coordinated action to prevent
genocide and mass atrocities.

– Providing assistance to build capacity of international partners
including the UN and regional organizations to prevent genocide and
mass atrocities.

– The report concludes that the core challenge for American leaders is
to persuade others in the U.S. government, across the United States,
and around the world, that preventing genocide is more than just a
humanitarian aspiration, but a national and global imperative.

The Task Force was funded by Humanity United and other private organizations.

About the Convening Organizations:

The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, a living memorial to the Holocaust, inspires citizens and leaders to confront hatred, promote human dignity and prevent genocide.  Federal support guarantees the Museum’s permanence, and its far-reaching educational programs and global impact are made possible by donors nationwide.

The American Academy of Diplomacy is dedicated to strengthening the
resources and tools America brings to managing its diplomatic
challenges, and accomplishes this through outreach programs, lectures, awards, and writing competitions. In doing so, the Academy promotes an understanding of the importance of diplomacy to serving our nation and enhancing America’s standing in the world.

The United States Institute of Peace is an independent, nonpartisan,
national institution established and funded by Congress. Its goals are
to help prevent and resolve violent international conflicts, promote
post-conflict stability and development, and increase peace-building
capacity, tools, and intellectual capital worldwide. The Institute
does this by empowering others with knowledge, skills, and resources,
as well as by directly engaging in peace-building efforts around the
globe.

The report may be downloaded for free at: www.ushmm.org,
www.academyofdiplomacy.org, www.usip.org.

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